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The Bill Young Cell Transplantation Program (“Program”) is a federal program that helps in increasing the number of transplants for recipients suitably matched to biologically unrelated donors of bone marrow and cord blood. It is established pursuant to 42 USCS § 274k. The Program is administered under the general supervision of the Secretary of Public Health (“Secretary”). The following are the functions of the Program :
1. To operate a system for identifying, matching, and facilitating the distribution of bone marrow that is suitably matched to candidate patients;
2. To permit transplant physicians, and other appropriate health care professionals, and patients to search by means of electronic access all available bone marrow donors listed in the Program;
3. To carry out a program for the recruitment of bone marrow donors;
4. To maintain and expand medical contingency response capabilities, in coordination with federal programs, to prepare for and respond effectively to biological, chemical, or radiological attacks, and other public health emergencies that can damage marrow, so that the capability of supporting patients with marrow damage from disease can be used to support casualties with marrow damage.
This program also allows transplant physicians, and other appropriate health care professionals, and patients to search by means of electronic access all available cord blood units made available through the Program. It also support studies and demonstration and outreach projects for the purpose of increasing cord blood donation to ensure a genetically diverse collection of cord blood units.