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The Black Panther Party was an African-American revolutionary leftist organization, which was active in the U.S. from 1966 to 1982. Black Panther Party was founded in 1966 in Oakland, Calif., by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale. In U.S. politics of the 1960s and 70s, the Black Panther Party was deeply involved in the Black Power movement. The noting characteristics of Black Panther Party were its provocative rhetoric, militant posture, and cultural and political features. These features to a great extend has altered the contours of American Identity. Originally the Black Panther Party was known as the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense. The most influential and widely known programs of the Black Panther Party were its armed citizens' patrols to evaluate behavior of police officers and its Free Breakfast for Children program. However, the party's political goals were often eclipsed by their confrontational, belligerent, and sometimes vehement tactics against police. By the early 1980s, the Black Panther Party was effectively disbanded in U.S.