Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act Law and Legal Definition

Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (“Act”) is an Act of the U.S. congress. The Act instituted for the first time the federal background checks on firearms purchase.

The Act requires a background check on individuals before the purchase of any firearm from a dealer, manufacturer or importer.

The Act prohibits certain persons from shipping or transporting in interstate commerce, or possessing any firearms in or affecting commerce. The prohibition extended to persons includes:

1. a person who has been convicted in any court of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year;

2. the person is a fugitive from justice;

3. the person is an unlawful user of or addicted to any controlled substance;

4. has been adjudicated as a mental defective or committed to a mental institution;

5. is an alien illegally or unlawfully in the U.S.;

6. has been discharged from the Armed Forces under dishonorable conditions;

7. having been a citizen of the U.S., has renounced U.S. citizenship;

8. is subject to a court order that restrains the person from harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner or child of such intimate partner, or

9. has been convicted in any court of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence.