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Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act (“Act”) is an Act of the U.S. congress. The Act instituted for the first time the federal background checks on firearms purchase.
The Act requires a background check on individuals before the purchase of any firearm from a dealer, manufacturer or importer.
The Act prohibits certain persons from shipping or transporting in interstate commerce, or possessing any firearms in or affecting commerce. The prohibition extended to persons includes:
1. a person who has been convicted in any court of a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year;
2. the person is a fugitive from justice;
3. the person is an unlawful user of or addicted to any controlled substance;
4. has been adjudicated as a mental defective or committed to a mental institution;
5. is an alien illegally or unlawfully in the U.S.;
6. has been discharged from the Armed Forces under dishonorable conditions;
7. having been a citizen of the U.S., has renounced U.S. citizenship;
8. is subject to a court order that restrains the person from harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner or child of such intimate partner, or
9. has been convicted in any court of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence.