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A candidate conservation agreement with assurances is a voluntary agreement between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services and a non-federal, or private property owner for the conservation of fish and wildlife on private lands. By entering into the agreement, the land owner agrees to manage lands or waters to remove threats to candidate or proposed species. The agreement also includes assurances that the property owner's conservation efforts will not result in future regulatory obligations in excess of those agreed to at the time of signing the agreement.
Such agreements are usually entered if the plant or animal species found in the private property owner’s land are candidate or proposed species. Pursuant to such agreements, property owners may protect and enhance existing populations, conserve/improve their habitat, and undertake activities on their lands to improve the status of candidate or proposed species.