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Capital case is a prosecution case for murder in which a jury is asked to decide whether a defendant should be put to death, if found guilty. A prosecutor must charge special circumstances in order to sentence a defendant to death. Each state and the federal government has a list of special circumstances applicable in their respective jurisdictions. But there are some common circumstances like cases of multiple murders, use of explosives or a finding that the murder was very heinous or cruel. Capital case is also called as death penalty case.