Causation Law and Legal Definition

Causation is the relationship of cause and effect of an act or omission and damages alleged in a tort or personal injury action. A plaintiff in a tort action should prove a duty to do or not do an action and a breach of that duty. It should also be established that the loss was caused by the defendant. Causation factor can be decided by the ‘but for’ test. Causation can be established if the damages or injury would not have caused but for the conduct of the defendant. But, if the accident would have occurred in any event, there is no causation.

Causation means the causing or producing of an event. For example, a plaintiff should prove causation. It could also mean casualty which is the relation between cause and effect.