Certificate of Competency Program Law and Legal Definition

The Certificate of Competency (COC) program is a program of the U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) which allows a small business to appeal a contracting officer's determination that it is unable to fulfill the requirements of a specific government contract on which it is the apparent low bidder. It is authorized under section 8(b)(7) of the Small Business Act. Upon receipt of a COC application, SBA industrial and financial specialists conduct a detailed review of the firm's capabilities to perform on the contract. If the business demonstrates the ability to perform, the SBA issues a COC to the contracting officer requiring the award of that specific contract to the small business. A COC is valid only for the specific contract for which it is issued. Denial of a COC by SBA does not preclude a contracting officer from awarding a contract to the referred firm, nor does it prevent the concern from making an offer on any other procurement. Once a COC has been issued and a contract awarded on that basis, SBA will monitor contractor performance. The COC Program is applicable to all Government procurement actions.