Church Law and Legal Definition

Church is a term subject to different usages. It can refer to all of Jesus' followers, viewed as a community. It can also refer to specific institutions, either the local congregation or a national or international body. It can also be used to refer to the building where those who profess the Christian religion gather for worship.

Neither the state or federal government may enact laws which aid one or all religions, or give a preference to one religion over another. Separation of church and state is a concept based in the Establishment Clause, found in the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.