Civil Disabilities Law and Legal Definition

Civil Disabilities refers to a condition of a person who has had a legal right or privilege revoked as a result of a criminal conviction. A convicted criminal may be imposed with numerous civil disabilities apart from the sentence that is imposed upon him/her on conviction. Civil disabilities may adversely affect an offender during his/her incarceration and after his/her release. It includes denial of certain privileges like voting, holding public office, obtaining many jobs and occupational licenses, entering judicially-enforceable agreements, maintaining family relationships and obtaining insurance and pension benefits. S/he will be in a state of civil incapacity in the eyes of law. An individual who has lost his/her civil rights and capacities is accounted dead in law.