Civil Procedure Law and Legal Definition

Civil Procedure is the body of law governing the methods and practices used in civil litigation. It can be enacted by the legislature or the courts. It can be the rules that are used in handling a civil case from the time the initial complaint is filed through the pretrial discovery, the trial and any subsequent appeal. In a nut shell, it can be taken as the methods, procedures, and practices used in civil cases.

State and federal courts have different procedure codes. Each state has its own rules of civil procedure which is set out in a separate code of civil procedure. Many of the state civil procedure codes are modeled on the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.