Civil Law and Legal Definition

Civil means

  • Of or relating to the state or its citizenry. For example, civil duties.
  • Of or relating to citizens and their interrelations with one another or with the state. For example, the civil branches of government.
  • Of or relating to the rights of private individuals and legal proceedings concerning these rights as distinguished from criminal, military, or international regulations or proceedings. For example, civil litigation
  • Of or relating to any of the modern legal systems derived from Roman law. For example, Louisiana is a civil-law jurisdiction.