Collateral Consequences of Criminal Charges Law and Legal Definition

Collateral consequences of criminal charges are the various consequences which are beyond the terms of the conviction under federal and state laws, but not intended by the judge while convicting. It is the result of the arrest, prosecution or conviction that is not part of the sentence imposed. For example, disenfranchisement, disentitlement of education loans, loss of professional licenses, or eviction from public housing are the collateral consequences attached with the conviction for felony. It is also known as the "Four C's.” Sometimes it also includes the unintended or unforeseen impact of the charge, without a conviction or a trial. For instance, the arrest itself may have serious consequences such as loss of a job due to unavailability of bail, loss of public housing and social stigma.