Confessional Privilege Law and Legal Definition

Confessional privilege is a set of rules of evidence that protects the disclosure of communications between clergy and communicants. The confessional privilege belongs to the communicant, not the priest. It prevents a clergy from disclosing the statements that is made in confession. In U.S, all fifty states have confessional privilege laws, and the courts have upheld confessional privilege as being protected by the First Amendment.