Constitutional Convention Law and Legal Definition

Constitutional convention is a representative body meeting to form and adopt a new constitution or to form, consider, and adopt amendments to an existing constitution. For instance, the Federal Convention of 1787, meeting in Philadelphia to form and adopt the Constitution of the U.S.

Constitutional convention may be general, unlimited, or limited. A general constitutional convention is called to create the first constitution of a political unit or to entirely replace an existing constitution. An unlimited constitutional convention is called to revise an existing constitution to the extent that it deems to be proper. A limited constitutional convention is restricted to revising only the areas of the current constitution named in the convention's call, the legal mandate establishing the convention.