Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act Law and Legal Definition

The Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act (CPSIA) is a U.S. federal law designed to improve the regulatory and enforcement powers of the Consumer Product Safety Commission. This Act was enacted in 2008.

The CPSIA increases the budget of the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) and imposes new testing and documentation obligation on manufacturers, importers and retailers of consumer goods. It imposes new requirements on manufacturers of apparel, shoes, personal care products, accessories and jewelry, home furnishings, bedding, toys, electronics and video games, books, school supplies, educational materials and science kits. The Act also imposes higher fines and specifies jail time for some violations.

The Act specifically addresses toys and children’s products. This act is seen in part controversial because of its impact to many types of businesses that did not cause the problem. Consequent to the wide-sweeping nature of the law, many small resellers will be forced to discontinue the sale of children’s products, and many are under the risk of losing their business.