Content-Valid Test Law and Legal Definition

Content-valid test refers to an examination that a job-applicant is put through to analyze if the applicant possesses the skills required by the job. A content-valid test can usefully identify a small percentage of outstanding candidates or usefully exclude a small percentage of unqualified candidates. A content valid test must satisfy the following attributes :

1.The test makers must have done a proper job analysis ;

2.The test-makers must have studied important work behaviors required for successful performance and their relative importance ;

3.The test must be related to and representative of the content of a job;

4.The test must measure the ability to perform competently on a specific job;

5. The test must be scored so that it properly distinguishes between those who can and cannot perform a job well.

In Guardians Ass'n of N.Y. City Police Dep't v. Civil Serv. Comm'n, 431 F. Supp. 526 (S.D.N.Y. 1977), it was held that an examination has content validity only if the content of the examination matches the content of the job. For a test to be content valid, the aptitudes and skills required for successful examination performance must be those aptitudes and skills required for successful job performance.