Convention on Biological Diversity Law and Legal Definition

The convention on biological diversity (CBD) is an international treaty formulated to conserve biodiversity. CBD came into force on December 29, 1993. It is informally known as biodiversity convention. CBD was negotiated pursuant to the UN Environment Programme.

The three main objectives of the CBD are:

1. Conservation of biodiversity.

2. Continual and sustainable use of the various components of biological diversity.

3. Fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources.