Convention on International Civil Aviation Law and Legal Definition

The Convention on International Civil Aviation (“Convention”), also known as the Chicago Convention, established the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized agency of the United Nations charged with coordinating and regulating international air travel. The document was signed on December 7, 1944 in Chicago, Illinois, by 52 signatory states. The Convention establishes rules of airspace, aircraft registration and safety, and details the rights of the signatories in relation to air travel. The Convention also exempts air fuels from tax. The Convention also states that every state has complete and exclusive sovereignty over airspace above its territory.