Convention on the Rights of the Child Law and Legal Definition

Convention on the Rights of the Child is a legally binding international instrument that sets forth the civil, cultural, economic, social, and political rights of children. According to the provisions and principles contained in this convention, UNICEF adopts policies:

for the protection of children’s rights;

to help children to meet their basic needs; and

to expand children’s opportunities to reach their full potential.

The Convention was adopted in the year 1989 and it came into force in 1990. It contains 54 articles and two Optional Protocols. The four basic principles of the Convention are non-discrimination, devotion to the best interests of the child, the right to life, survival and development, and respect for the views of the child. The Convention also lays down the standards to be adopted for the children in the field of health care, education, legal, civil, and social services.