Convention Refugee Law and Legal Definition

Convention refugee is an individual defined in the 1951 UN refugee treaty as having a well-founded fear that is s/he has to return to their country of origin, s/he would suffer persecution. Convention refugee is statutorily defined. Convention refugee means any person who, by reason of a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his/her nationality and is unable, or by reason of that fear, unwilling to avail himself/herself of the protection of that country; or, not having a country of nationality, is outside the country of his/her former habitual residence and is unable or, by reason of that fear, unwilling to return to that country; and has not ceased to be a convention refugee. Any person to whom the convention does not apply shall not be considered as a convention refugee.