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Correctional facility is a term that may be used to refer to a jail, prison, or other place of incarceration by government officials. They serve to confine and rehabilitate prisoners and may be classified as minimum, medium, or maximum security facilities, or contain separate divisions for such categories of prisoners. The prisoners may participate in educational and vocational programs as well as in paid industries programs or a work release program.
Correctional facilities are subject to federal andstate laws. The U.S. Constitution guarantees certain minimum standards of living for those incarcerated in correctional facilities. Abusive and inhumane conditions at a correctional facility may be claimed to violate a prisoner's rights against cruel and unusual punishment.