Covenant for Title Law and Legal Definition

A covenant for title is an assurance given to the purchaser, that the grantor has the very estate in quantity and quality, which s/he purports to convey. A covenant for title is deemed to be broken, if the grantor does not have the very estate in quantity and quality, which s/he covenanted, had a right to convey. However, a covenant for title is not broken until there is an eviction or something equivalent thereto, while a covenant against encumbrances is broken when the deed is delivered if such encumbrance actually exists.[Kreinbring v. Mathews, 81 Ore. 243 (Or. 1916)].

This covenant usually includes the covenants for seisin, against encumbrances, for the right to convey, for quiet enjoyment, and of warranty.