Crime Laboratories Law and Legal Definition

Crime laboratories are scientific laboratories that examine physical evidence in criminal cases. These labs generally use forensic science to examine evidences. After examination, they provide reports and opinion testimony. The testimony and reports are presented before a court of law. Such laboratories are often referred to as crime labs. In the U.S., crime laboratories are operated both at public and private levels.

Crime labs have at least one full time natural scientist. Generally, crime labs have two types of people working under it: a. Field analysts - Investigators who go to crime scenes to collect evidence, and process the scene. Job titles include; b. Laboratory analysts – Professionals or scientists who conduct tests on the collected evidence.