Criterion-Referenced Assessment Law and Legal Definition

A criterion-referenced test is an assessment method provided for translating test scores into a statement about the behavior to be expected of a person with that score. Additionally, a candidate’s score can be compared in relation to a specified subject matter. Criterion-referenced assessment occurs when candidates are measured against defined criteria. Usually the test is used to establish a person’s competence. An example is a driving test. In a driving test, a candidate’s competence is measured against a range of precise criteria.

A criterion-referenced test is also known as a standards based assessment test. The assessment is based on the belief that all students can succeed provided, they are assessed against standards required of all students regardless of ability.