Crops Law and Legal Definition

The primary definition of a crop is that it is a product of the soil, including anything produced by planting, cultivation, and labor. Whether crops are real or personal property is determined on a case-by-case basis, examining factors such as the character of the crops and whether or not they have been severed from the land, the relation and intention of the parties, and the nature of the transaction in which the question arises.

The provisions of Article 2 (Sales) of the Uniform Commercial Code apply to the sale of a crop to be grown or that is growing, since the definition of "goods" includes growing crops. The presence or potential existence of the crop at the time of making the contract may determine the nature of the contract as one either of sale or to sell, may affect the validity and/or enforceability of the contract, and may determine the time when title to the crop is transferred.