Cyber Security Research and Development Act Law and Legal Definition

The Cyber Security Research and Development Act is a U.S. federal law that authorizes funding for computer and network security research and development. It also provides fund for research fellowship programs, and for various other purposes. The provisions of the Act are codified at 15 USCS §§ 7401 et seq.

The Act authorizes the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NSIT) to develop a cyber security education program that can help consumers, businesses, and government workers keep their computers secure. It also mandates the NSIT to create new program grants for partnerships between academia and industry and a new program to encourage senior researchers in other fields to work on computer security.

Under the Cyber Security Research and Development Act, the National Science Foundation (NSF) will create new cyber security research centers, undergraduate program grants, community college grants and fellowships.

15 USCS § 7410 of the Act deals with the key requirements that are necessary to be eligible for the grant. This section reads as follows:

§ 7410. Grant eligibility requirements and compliance with immigration laws

(a) Immigration status. No grant or fellowship may be awarded under this Act, directly or indirectly, to any individual who is in violation of the terms of his or her status as a nonimmigrant under section 101(a)(15)(F), (M), or (J) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(F), (M), or (J)).

(b) Aliens from certain countries. No grant or fellowship may be awarded under this Act, directly or indirectly, to any alien from a country that is a state sponsor of international terrorism, as defined under section 306(b) of the Enhanced Border Security and VISA Entry Reform Act (8 U.S.C. 1735(b)), unless the Secretary of State determines, in consultation with the Attorney General and the heads of other appropriate agencies, that such alien does not pose a threat to the safety or national security of the United States.

(c) Non-complying institutions. No grant or fellowship may be awarded under this Act, directly or indirectly, to any institution of higher education or non-profit institution (or consortia thereof) that has--

(1) materially failed to comply with the recordkeeping and reporting requirements to receive nonimmigrant students or exchange visitor program participants under section 101(a)(15)(F), (M), or (J) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(F), (M), or (J)), or section 641 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1372), as required by section 502 of the Enhanced Border Security and VISA Entry Reform Act (8 U.S.C. 1762); or

(2) been suspended or terminated pursuant to section 502(c) of the Enhanced Border Security and VISA Entry Reform Act (8 U.S.C 1762(c)).