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A declaration of intention is a document filed in a court by an alien who intends to become a U.S citizen. The declaration is a preliminary step to naturalization. The declaration is made before a court of record. The declaration evidences that the applicant in good faith intends to become a U.S. citizen and renounce forever all his/ her allegiance to a foreign state.
Pursuant to 8 USCS § 1445, “an alien over 18 years of age who is residing in the United States pursuant to a lawful admission for permanent residence may file with the Attorney General a declaration of intention to become a citizen of the United States. Such a declaration shall be filed in duplicate and in a form prescribed by the Attorney General and shall be accompanied by an application prescribed and approved by the Attorney General. Nothing in this subsection shall be construed as requiring any such alien to make and file a declaration of intention as a condition precedent to filing a petition for naturalization nor shall any such declaration of intention be regarded as conferring or having conferred upon any such alien United States citizenship or nationality or the right to United States citizenship or nationality, nor shall such declaration be regarded as evidence of such alien's lawful admission for permanent residence in any proceeding, action, or matter arising under this or any other Act”.