Demography Law and Legal Definition

Demography is the study of variations in population caused by such events as famine, conflicts, diseases, or changes in social, cultural, and economic activities, and how changes in the age and size of the population in turn affect social, cultural, and economic activities.

Demographic effects are the effects resulting from changes in population characteristics (e.g., the age structure, birth rates, education, marital status, or mobility between locations) on such things as the rates of saving, investment, and economic growth, the composition of demands for goods and services, and the supply of labor.