Desegregation Law and Legal Definition

42 U.S.C.S. § 2000c (b) defines 'desegregation' as the term is used in Title IV. Accordingly, desegregation means the assignment of students to public schools and within such schools without regard to their race, color, religion, or national origin, but shall not mean the assignment of students to public schools in order to overcome racial imbalance. See also Spencer v. Kugler, 326 F. Supp. 1235, 1242 (D.N.J. 1971).

According to 34 CFR 280.4 [Title 34 – Education; Subtitle B -- Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education; Chapter II -- Office of Elementary and Secondary Education, Department of Education; Part 280 -- Magnet Schools Assistance Program; Subpart A – General], the term desegregation, in reference to a plan, means “a plan for the reassignment of children or faculty to remedy the illegal separation of minority group children or faculty in the schools of an LEA or a plan for the reduction, elimination, or prevention of minority group isolation in one or more of the schools of an LEA.”