Diamonds Law and Legal Definition

Diamonds are precious stones made from crystallized carbon. Much of the mining of diamonds occurs in Africa,as well as Russia, Australia, North America, and other countries.

Conflict diamonds are diamonds mined or stolen by insurgent forces who oppose the legitimate government. Insurgent groups sell diamonds to buy arms and obtain cash flow for their war effort. Conflict diamonds presently come from Angola, Sierra Leone, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.The United States has responded to the trade in conflict diamonds by requiring diamonds imported into the United States to have certificates of origin. in 2003, President Bush signed the Clean Diamonds Trade Act, which formally endorses the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme. Kimberley is designed to halt trade in illicit diamonds through a certification plan that would effectively track the trade of diamonds from mine to store.