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Divorce a vinculo matrimonii in Latin means divorce from the chains of marriage. Divorce a vinculo matrimonii refers to a total divorce of husband and wife, dissolving the marriage tie and releasing the parties wholly from their matrimonial obligations. At common law, this kind of divorce declared any children out of such marriage as bastards and divorce was granted on grounds that existed before the marriage. Divorce a vinculo matrimonii is also termed as absolute marriage.