Doctrine of Obligation Law and Legal Definition

Doctrine of Obligation is a judicially created doctrine of English law which says that if a foreign court of competent jurisdiction has adjudicated a certain sum to be due from one person to another, the liability to pay that sum becomes a legal obligation enforceable domestically by a debt action. However once plaintiff proves the judgment, the burden shifts to the defendant to show why the obligation should not be performed. The standard was set in the case Baron Parke in Russell v. Smyth, 9 M. & W. 810, 819 (1842).