Documents Law and Legal Definition

A document is a record or the capturing of some event or thing so that the information will not be lost. It refers to a body of information that is physically represented and having the capacity to communicate. Any formally executed writing that can be attributed to its author, and which expresses a legally enforceable act, process, contractual duty, obligation, or right; evidencing such act, process, or agreement is a legal document. Examples of documents are sales invoices, wills and deeds, newspaper issues, individual newspaper stories.

To document a fact or event is to record or annotate it, meaning to put it into some relatively permanent form so that it can be retrieved later.