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Double jeopardy refers to a person being tried again for the same offense after being acquitted. Double jeopardy is prohibited by the Fifth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which states: "…nor shall any person be subject for the same offence [sic] to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb…".
The Fifth Amendment's Double Jeopardy Clause protects against three distinct abuses:  a second prosecution for the same offense after acquittal;  a second prosecution for the same offense after conviction; and  multiple punishments for the same offense. However, if charges are brought by independently by state and federal governments, it has been found not to violate the Double Jeopardy Clause.