Dumping Law and Legal Definition

Dumping is a violation of fair trade practices, involving selling of goods in the U.S. market at prices lower than the prices at which comparable goods are sold in the domestic market of the exporter. These sales must cause or threaten material injury to a competing U.S. industry.

Many governments take action against dumping in order to defend their domestic industries. The World Trade Organization (WTO) has an anti-dumping agreement agreement which allows governments to act against dumping where there is genuine (“material”) injury to the competing domestic industry. In order to do that the government has to be able to show that dumping is taking place, calculate the extent of dumping (how much lower the export price is compared to the exporter’s home market price), and show that the dumping is causing injury or threatening to do so.