Earth Summit Law and Legal Definition

The Earth Summit refers to the United Nations (UN) conference held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. The purpose of the Earth Summit was to address issues concerning environmental protection and socio-economic development. The Earth Summit also influenced all subsequent UN conferences, which have examined the relationship between human rights, population, social development, women and human settlements. Because of the Earth Summit, many important treaties and conventions were concluded such as:

1. Rio Declaration on Environment and Development;

2. Agenda 21;

3. Convention on Biological Diversity;

4. Forest Principles;

5. Framework Convention on Climate Change;

The following are the issues addressed by the Earth Summit:

1.Issues relating to the production of toxic components, such as lead in gasoline, or poisonous waste including radioactive chemicals ;

2.Issues relating to the use of fossil fuels which are linked to global climate change;

3.Issues relating to vehicle emissions, congestion in cities and the health problems caused by polluted air and smog;

4.Issues relating to the growing scarcity of water .