Ecological Risk Assessment Law and Legal Definition

Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) is the process of analyzing and evaluating the possibility of adverse ecological effects caused by environmental pollutants. In other words, an ERA evaluates the potential adverse effects that human activities have on the living organisms that make up ecosystems. The risk assessment process provides a way to develop, organize, and present scientific information relevant to environmental decisions. The framework of ERA consists of three phases such as problem formulation, analysis, and risk characterization.