Economic Research Service [USDA] Law and Legal Definition

The Economic Research Service (ERS) is a federal agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It is the primary source of economic information and research in the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The ERS is located in Washington D.C.

The ERS staffs highly trained economists and social scientists who conduct research, analyze food and commodity markets, produce policy studies, and develop economic and statistical indicators. The ERS conducts various research programs. These programs are aimed to meet the information needs of USDA, other public policy officials, and the research community. ERS information and analysis is also used by the media, trade associations, public interest groups, and the general public. These programs also provide information that help in public and private decision-making on economic and policy issues involving food, farming, natural resources, and rural development.

The Agency's work is structured among four Divisions:

a. Food Economics

b. Information Services

c. Market and Trade Economics

d. Resource and Rural Economics