Election Assistance Commission Law and Legal Definition
Election Assistance Commission (EAC) is an independent bipartisan commission established by the Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA). EAC develops guidance that is needed to meet HAVA requirements, adopting voluntary voting system guidelines. The Commission serves as a national clearinghouse and resource of information regarding election administration.
The President appoints the four EAC commissioners which is confirmed by the U.S. Senate. EAC is required to submit an annual report to Congress as well as testify periodically about HAVA progress and related issues. The commission also holds public meetings and hearings to inform the public about its progress and activities.
The EAC is tasked with performing a number of election-related duties including:
1.Creating and maintaining the Voluntary Voting System Guidelines
2. Creating a national program for the testing, certification, and decertification of voting systems
3. Maintaining the National Mail Voter Registration Form required by the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (NVRA)
4. Reporting to Congress every two years on the effects of the NVRA on elections
5. Administering federal funds to States for HAVA requirements.
6. Administering federal funds for the development of innovative election technology, including pilot programs to test election technology.
7. Studying and reporting best practices of effective administration.
8. Communicating information on laws, technologies, procedures, studies, and data related to the administration of federal elections to those responsible for formulating or implementing election law and procedures, to the media, and to other interested persons.
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