Electoral College Law and Legal Definition

Nations with complex regional electorates may elect a head of state by means of an electoral college rather than a direct popular election. President of U.S.A is formally elected by an Electoral College. Their vote happens after the popular vote. The Electoral College is composed of delegates from each state plus the District of Columbia. The number of delegates from each state is equal to the sum of that state's senators plus representatives. According to the US Constitution, the electors, chosen by popular vote assemble in their respective state capitals on the first monday after the second wednesday in December and vote for president. Electors are supposed to vote for the candidate who received a plurality of votes in the state or area they represent. To become president, a candidate must get more than half of the Electoral College votes i.e.270 out of 538 votes.