Elevator Law and Legal Definition

Elevators are regulated by state laws, which vary by state, and cover such equipment as:

  1. Elevators;
  2. Platform lifts and stairway chair lifts;
  3. Escalators;
  4. Moving Walks;
  5. Dumbwaiters;
  6. Material lifts and dumbwaiters with automatic transfer devices.

States regulate elevators to prevent the use of unsafe and defective lifting devices, which impose a substantial probability of serious and preventable injury to employees and the public exposed to unsafe conditions. Elevator personnel performing work on elevators are often required to have documented training or experience or both and be familiar with the operation and safety functions of the components and equipment. Training and experience may include recognizing the safety hazards and performing the procedures to which they are assigned in conformance with the requirements of the relevant building code.