Employees Compensation Appeals Board Law and Legal Definition

The Employees' Compensation Appeals Board or the ECAB is a Board that hears appeals taken from determinations and awards under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act. It hears claims of federal employees injured in the course of their employment.

The Board has final authority to determine the liability of the federal government with respect to the disability or death of employees injured in the scope of their employment. ECAB decisions are final and there is no further administrative or judicial appeal.

The ECAB was established in 1946. It consists of three permanent judges appointed by the U.S. Secretary of Labor. One of these judges is designated as Chief Judge and Chairman of the Board.