Equal Opportunity Law and Legal Definition

Equal opportunity refers to the right to equivalent opportunities irrespective of race, color, sex, or origin. In the U.S. this right is guaranteed by both federal and many state laws. Equal opportunity right seeks to eliminate discrimination and to promote fairness. Prohibition is for any discrimination in employment, education, housing, or credit rights.

A person denied of equal opportunity can bring a lawsuit under federal and most state laws, or file a complaint with the Federal Equal Opportunity Employment Commission or a state equal opportunity agency.