Executive Office for Immigration Review Law and Legal Definition

The Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) is an office within the U.S. Department of Justice that is charged with the responsibility of adjudicating immigration cases in the U.S. The EOIR was established in 1983, through an internal Department of Justice (DOJ) reorganization. The reorganization combined the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA or Board) with the Immigration Judge function that was previously performed by the former Immigration and Naturalization Service. The EOIR is headquartered in Virginia. It is headed by a Director who reports directly to the Deputy Attorney General.

The primary duty of the EOIR is to conduct removal proceedings, which are administrative proceedings to determine the removability of individuals in the nation. Removal proceedings are conducted in immigration courts. The EOIR supervises the immigration courts in the U.S. with the help of the Office of the Chief Immigration Judge. The Board of Immigration Appeals, which hears appeals from immigration courts, is also a part of the EOIR.