Executive Session Law and Legal Definition

Executive session is a secret meeting that only the members and invited nonmembers may attend. The term originated in the United States Senate, which until 1929 sat behind closed doors when it advised the President about executive business. It refers to the U.S. Senate’s daily session in which it considers nominations and treaties, or other items introduced by the U.S. President. The matters considered during this session are referred to as executive business and therefore, the session is called an executive session. It can be closed door or open door. However, at present the term is used to refer to any closed-door committee meetings, whether or not they are considering executive business.