Fascism Law and Legal Definition

Fascism is a genuinely revolutionary, trans-class form of anti-liberal and anti-conservative nationalism. It is a totalitarian governmental system that emphasizes nationalism and racism and is led by a dictator. In the inter-war period it manifested itself primarily in the form of an elite-led "armed party" which attempted, mostly unsuccessfully, to generate a populist mass movement through a liturgical style of politics. It led a program of radical policies which promised to overcome a threat posed by international socialism. It also aimed at ending the degeneration affecting the nation under liberalism, and to bring about a radical renewal of its social, political and cultural life as part of what was widely imagined to be the new era being inaugurated in Western civilization.

Fascism was originally founded by Italian national syndicalists in World War I. Italian politician, Benito Mussolini who led the National Fascist Party is credited with being one of the key figures in the creation of Fascism.