Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act Law and Legal Definition

The Federal Coal Mine Health and Safety Act of 1969,sets strict standard for the safety and development of coal miners’ health.. The Act amended the already existing Federal Coal Mine Safety Act of 1952. The Act is also commonly known as the Coal Act.

The Act created the mining enforcement and safety administration agency .

The provisions of the Act include:

1. procedures for the development of improved mandatory health and safety standards;

2. requires to provide compensation for miners totally and permanently disabled by the progressive respiratory disease pneumoconiosis, or "black lung", caused by the inhalation of fine coal dust;

3. requires two annual inspections at every surface mine, and four annual inspections at every underground mine;

4. prescribes monetary penalties for all violations; and

5. enforces criminal penalties for willful violations.

The act was later updated by the Federal Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977.