Federal Highway Administration [FHWA] Law and Legal Definition

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a division of the U.S. department of transportation. The FHWA is a cabinet-level organization of the Executive Branch of the U.S. Government. The FHWA specializes in highway transportation. The FHWA ensures that the U.S. highways and public roads are in good shape and technologically up to date for traveling. The agency offers funding and technical support for the construction and preservation of highways across the nation. FHWA's more than provides a financial support for local and state governments. The FHWA provides finance for national parks, national forests, Indian lands, and other federally owned land. Additionally the FHWA performs research in the areas of automobile safety, congestion, highway materials and construction methods.

Two types of programs are conducted by the FHWA. They are: the Federal-aid Highway Program and the Federal Lands Highway Program. The organization receives funding from fuel and motor vehicle excise taxes.

Main officers of the FHWA are the Federal Highway Administrator and the Deputy Administrator. The headquarters of the FHWA is in Washington, D.C

In access management the FHWA plays an important role. The FHWA encourage and advance the development of state and local access management policies. The agency makes guidelines and procedures for the management of facilities. Moreover the FHWA integrate the guidelines into established planning, policy and design processes.