Federal-Juvenile-Delinquency Jurisdiction Law and Legal Definition

Federal juvenile delinquency jurisdiction refers to the federal court's power to hear a case in which a person under the age of eighteen violates federal law. The federal court derives its power to try such cases from 18 USCS § 5031. Juvenile delinquency is essentially a state issue and therefore the federal courts have only limited power in the area. Generally, acts committed on federal lands like military bases, national parks, Indian reservations, and acts that violate federal drug laws or other federal criminal statutes can invoke federal jurisdiction.