Federal Legislative Jurisdiction Law and Legal Definition

Federal legislative jurisdiction refers to the federal authority to legislate and to exercise executive and judicial powers within a specified area. When the Federal Government has legislative jurisdiction over a particular land area, it has the power and authority to enact, execute, and enforce general legislation within that area.

The following is an example of a case law on federal legislative jurisdiction:

Federal legislative jurisdiction may take one of the following four forms: (1) exclusive legislative jurisdiction, in which the federal government theoretically displaces the state's sovereign authority in the area; (2) concurrent legislative jurisdiction, where a state has granted the federal government authority that would otherwise amount to exclusive legislative jurisdiction over an area, but the state has reserved to itself the right to exercise, concurrently with the federal government, all the same authority; (3) partial legislative jurisdiction, where the state has granted the federal government certain aspects of the state's authority, but reserved for itself either the exclusive or concurrent authority to do an act going beyond the minimal standard of serving civil or criminal process in the area; and (4) proprietorial interest only, which applies where the federal government has acquired title or rights to an area within a state, but has not obtained any cession of the state's authority over the area. [People v. Crusilla, 77 Cal. App. 4th 141 (Cal. Ct. App. 1999).